idahokettlebells.com Blog

August 15, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast: August 15, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast: August 15, 2019

Video of the week. This gives a good perspective on the getup, but really, just getting up and down off the floor is good no matter how you do it.

Another study, a randomized controlled trial (not just a food questionnaire), demonstrating that high protein and low carbs helps fight diabetes. Why do none of the restaurants and food companies that claim to donate to causes to fight children’s diabetes mention this? This is not new information, just another study confirming what we already know.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31338545/

Carnitine for strength! FYI: Beef has a ton of it.
http://www.ergo-log.com/2-g-of-carnitine-daily-makes-bodybuilders-stronger.html

Mark Sisson calls these “microworkouts.” This is something I’ve done my whole life, and are the basis for most of the exercise challenges IKSC has encouraged for many years now. I first started doing “microworkouts” well over 25 years ago on different jobs I’ve had and have always done this in some form or another. It is good for your brain, too.
https://www.marksdailyapple.com/benefits-of-microworkouts/

This article gives a good breakdown of what fats are good and which ones aren’t. The ones that are most commonly found in snacks are soybean oil, canola oil, and peanut oil. But, any kind of processed seed oil is basically a poison and damages every cell in your body, right down to the mitochondria.
http://main.poliquingroup.com/ArticlesMultimedia/Articles/Article/2656/What_Are_Healthy_Fats?.aspx&fbclid=IwAR0PAt2nAKzrsJQ3T1PVSCyWqNLmnnrsKqjqI6oeBSjro3w8t2tSUc9JX4g

Here’s an interesting article (more just a testimonial) that I saw among the headlines today. Something to know is that PCOS is caused by insulin resistance and high blood sugar. Taking long stretches between meals is one way help with insulin sensitivity, but eating a very low carb and higher protein diet is more than likely going to be the best strategy.
https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/struggling-pcos-tried-intermittent-fasting-100000231.html

Muscles sore from training (Delayed Onset Muscle Sorenesss)? Sorry, there is no “gold standard” way to prevent it. Sometimes you just have to tough it out. Note: More exercise is apparently effective (my advice for as long as I can remember).

This chart from the NCSF explains it well.
12316443_990798800980605_9148026220118782454_n

August 8, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast August 8, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast August 8, 2019

This week’s video: Dan John is one of the best strength coaches in the world. I can’t agree more with his list of necessary training movements:

Awesome article on cortisol’s role in the body:
https://www.t-nation.com/training/the-best-damn-cortisol-article-ever

Great write up and video on the Hindu pushup.
https://originalstrength.net/2019/08/04/meet-your-new-love-the-hindu-pushup/?fbclid=IwAR1L7TfEHEgc7FQ4a1iY_zHFAEj3cC16pkkWrAaD7nwZKF26MufTnf8U9R4

How to avoid deficiencies on a plant-based diet:
https://main.poliquingroup.com/ArticlesMultimedia/Articles/Article/2616/_Three_Surprising_Dangers_of_A_Vegetarian_Diet.aspx?fbclid=IwAR3sq5B4qDBSpFIVm_eC1PWjmFNd4WrEv_DLteH5YIy9MbKwbc1VC_p0IMs

Salt is not your enemy.
https://suppversity.blogspot.com/2014/10/low-sodium-intake-for-athletes-good-for.html?fbclid=IwAR30KY6PSVNNQ-TZFHdwHK9mnRgg0ZDbyP7V0sktLJVOANUXXkjamneYRq0#

Hopefully no one reading this blog has any of these around, but good to share with others:
https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/5-healthy-foods-secretly-leading-203029069.html

July 25, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast July 25, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast July 25, 2019

Video of the week.

Next two links are awesome. One is on the importance of sleep and the other is stress. These two components are just as important as the time you spend in the gym.
http://www.ergo-log.com/sleep-improvement-makes-cardio-and-strength-training-more-effective.html?fbclid=IwAR2XR0_Ras2cMouF1_Tye2x4vRB0kIRSX_us7jVZGaXq3EAdijE2twdl34I

http://www.ergo-log.com/stressed-out-strength-athletes-take-longer-to-recover-post-workout.html

Deadlifts! Always a good choice. Keep in mind that the properly-done kettlebell swing does almost the same thing for your body, and most of these benefits apply to men as well.
https://www.t-nation.com/training/4-reasons-women-must-deadlift

Anyone who really wants to delve into the minutia (and read past the tabloid nutrition headlines funded by processed food companies) about what eating meat really does for your body.
https://chriskresser.com/red-meat-and-tmao-its-the-gut-not-the-meat/?fbclid=IwAR0nI10AxhrdpY-J0FJQuCF4I2gvA1XhKCFrDL5K4DJts7wMtgCjUafS-8c

Old article, but well worth the read. It pre-dates any kind of popular “diet-culture” interpretation of what a “paleo diet” is, or what has been pretty much bastardized by different cookbooks, etc.

The thing to realize is that the nutrition information presented comes straight from the physical sciences, not from nutritionists that are held to maintain the party lines of what the AHA and ADA claim is healthy.

https://www.westonaprice.org/health-topics/traditional-diets/caveman-cuisine/?fbclid=IwAR3zcEuwzt6HtCkLmwbfxYQCGWnAwMXgFUnDu3NZ-K3nV414JsjmHW6SjHU

That’s it for this week. Enjoy!

July 18, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast July 18, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast July 18, 2019

Video of the week: Nina will make you question everything you read about nutrition:

Someone needs to let the Mongolian restaurant next door know they’re doing it all wrong. Maybe now I won’t get so many funny looks when I fill up a bowl with nothing but a few nuts, some shoots and the rest is meat.
https://decentpropaganda.com/what-the-mongols-ate-for-success/?fbclid=IwAR1pd3L_7sK38r8IV63GpFhkJU-5D35-8XPv42TyB9Bh7d5SEgoI0ci1mFw

It is amazing how years ago so many mainstream nutrition types blew off a primal diet as a fad, and now how almost all their recommendations look about 95% paleo.

https://www.businessinsider.com/how-processed-foods-lead-to-weight-gain-nih-study-2019-5

And added benefit of something like the July Challenge where you limit palette options is that some learn they can’t handle certain foods upon reintroduction. That means those foods never really worked for you, but you didn’t realize it until taking them out.
https://main.poliquingroup.com/ArticlesMultimedia/Articles/Article/1502/Smart_Food_Substitutions_For_Common_Food_Intoleran.aspx?fbclid=IwAR2YJBwBjdXWvMqAB81j9DbGBSfnntPmyr_BL2w8j4kKBjc-KAgBELLECEc

Devil is in the details. Our bodies are designed to operate optimally with a certain amount of sleep, sunlight, and eating foods that align with our physiology.
https://www.marksdailyapple.com/9-ways-sabotaging-weight-loss/

Our primal connection with dogs helped us to rise to the top of the food-chain. It is in our DNA.
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/01/hunting-with-wolves-humans-conquered-the-world-neanderthal-evolution

Who can’t learn from Arnold?
https://www.t-nation.com/training/5-things-we-can-learn-from-arnold-about-building-muscle

Bonus video: You’re free to yell this any time in the gym:

July 11, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast: July 11, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast: July 11, 2019

This week’s video. More on food and mental health.

10 Things that are key to gaining muscle and losing fat.
http://main.poliquingroup.com/ArticlesMultimedia/Articles/Article/1480/Ten_Simple_Truths_About_Body_Composition_That_No_O.aspx?fbclid=IwAR2XF3rw7TbjP8lQfpFvGhnqDQl7CetjlxjM2S7rNnlu9bOYOLnCUxi8PSM

I’ve been using what is now called “Intermittent fasting” for a lot of years now. It’s never hurt me in putting on muscle or keeping it. Looks like it didn’t hurt this group either.
http://www.ergo-log.com/time-restricted-feeding-without-positive-or-negative-effects-in-female-strength-athletes.html?fbclid=IwAR3Izur1ppxtwXqoOq-sHzkaKAV4Im_IIpy9BXS5V4m3cR1dP512aLzpNoA

Bone density. We talk now and then about this in class, and this is a specific reason many begin strength training. Things like squats, deadlifts, kettlebell swings, pushups, farmer’s carries, etc. put stress on the system enough to benefit. Additionally, make sure you are getting your magnesium, zinc, and vitamin D, in addition to calcium.
http://main.poliquingroup.com/Tips/tabid/130/EntryId/2467/How-Does-Strength-Training-Increase-Bone-Density.aspx

Even the mainstream headlines are getting the message that “chronic cardio” is useless and even harmful.
https://www.yahoo.com/news/weightlifting-better-reducing-heart-fat-192705157.html

We see negative press about carb restriction and replacing with fats in the diet. Here are results actual people have when they adopt that strategy. Virta Health is a trendsetter.
https://medium.com/@JPMcCarter/the-top-12-keto-myths-debunked-after-150-000-days-of-patient-care-9502383d4e8c

Bonus video: You’ll soon see a vegan propaganda video circulating showing several athletes who are supposedly vegan. Here’s the real story on them.

June 28, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 27, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 27, 2019

Video of the week:
Dr. Stephen Phinney and Dr. Jeff Volek are basically the modern leaders in the low-carb diet field, or “keto” as it has become known as. I’ve been reading their work and following them for several years now. Here is a good primer on nutritional ketosis.

I’ve eaten what would be considered a very low carb diet for several years now. I haven’t had a weight loss goal at all during that time. I’ve stayed pretty much the same weight and body composition, and anything physically I set out to do I can usually accomplish. I do know that if I add back more than about 50grams of carbs per day, the body composition starts to suffer.
http://www.ergo-log.com/low-carbohydrate-diet-not-slimmer-healthier.html?fbclid=IwAR1B04MXHkHTj0nUw04EikrpHiAvR7uOMU71DVQLVM8nAAl9KGV_Rbcuxfk

Think of our July Challenge nutrition guidelines as the “anti-processed food” diet. Good reasons to adopt that strategy full-time:
https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/wellness/its-trendy-to-scorn-processed-food-now-theres-research-to-back-up-that-attitude/2019/06/21/d19f54d8-929d-11e9-aadb-74e6b2b46f6a_story.html?fbclid=IwAR24xXoMtiFbC_kECkU2QLztDCWB3sdIJGmhPWrpXTCx30jv-9fLWXdgs-s&utm_term=.ae4ad2b65611

As it says on my business cards, form follows function. Train for performance and the aesthetics will follow.
http://main.poliquingroup.com/ArticlesMultimedia/Articles/Article/1253/Ten_Reasons_to_Train_for_Muscle_&_Performance_Instead_of_for_Fat_Loss.aspx?fbclid=IwAR2k_NSwAHTIpzdTp_lFtObDLr0ymJ10WKcBngByMzHTjguUyWqf0CIDVVw

We were talking about this just the other day. The benefit of concentric training is that you can do a bunch of it and recover fast.
http://www.ergo-log.com/concentric-strength-training-effective-eccentric-strength-training.html?fbclid=IwAR39FasZ0NSYwO3rWU6DPNy0EUDRBexTMBJC2H3varpHOYb4Yu_orkqVL4E

If you really want to go with no processed food, here is an option. The only downside I’ve found is it is sometimes hard to get in enough calories. I am carnivore about 5 days of the week, with a few meals of some starches, fermented foods, and limited vegetables. Been that way for about the past year.
https://carnivoreaurelius.com/carnivore-diet/?fbclid=IwAR3hWaRwCCavbcm__K6P5PR2KhpkQV2aNTw_YXrmT6gRenwYGejs3xcHTgU

Loaded carries. Can’t get enough.
https://www.t-nation.com/training/secret-of-loaded-carries?fbclid=IwAR3PSUNZ_hqYqbE2ebfWq_9SnAaYcd-IhLHw_ReR-QD0JpakPCDGIBI3JHE

Bonus video. Short, and a few years old, but still dead-on. The idea that dietary fat and cholesterol is a problem within itself is a lie:

Photos this week: The people who carved these drawings didn’t eat processed food. They are near a site likely used to harvest wild game by some primitive people, an estimated 5,000-6,000 years ago:
IMG_1955

IMG_1951

IMG_1954

June 20, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 20, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 20, 2019

Video of the week!

IGNORE some of the idiotic recommendations by modern bodybuilders. However, some great “bodybuilding” programs were used prior to the widespread use of steroids in bodybuilding. IKSC borrows from many of these old-school programs.
https://www.t-nation.com/training/3-reasons-you-cant-train-like-a-juicer?fbclid=IwAR0JqNKwV0k29kULP_zQstTd5MJSwuiO5dGqG4saR8SJM_Sp8pObWVqw1oM

Most of the nutrition strategies that actually work these days borrow heavily from what we called a paleo diet, when you get down and really look at them.
https://suppversity.blogspot.com/2016/05/ad-libitum-paleo-diet-w-handful-of.html?fbclid=IwAR2-9upwf-SELtGqz0hwtvtfXPiz23XMDo5efkNjiyeJySTVcSn4UzuAQfk

The big marketing push for fake meats are nothing more than the biggest processed food makers’ latest effort to sell the cheapest crap at the lowest price.
https://www.independentsciencenews.org/health/fake-food-fake-meat-big-foods-desperate-attempt-to-further-industrialisation-food/?fbclid=IwAR1rca1TULr5NQH4CmTe8uHtx5LEMUyozrvF8B5z2jXp9K3R1J8YEcqBr0Q

Along the same lines, here is the real story about greenhouse gas emissions and cattle. I’ve listened to hours of the professor cited here….and my photo below was taken right in the middle of cattle grazing land.
https://medium.com/@caroline.stocks/debunking-the-methane-myth-why-cows-arent-responsible-for-climate-change-23926c63f2c0?fbclid=IwAR3k95mj3HeITdhwbxwCF1AOQbibyZLszvwJZH0BTr8cNrynYVZ1DtzQsaU

Ajax at 3 Fingers

June 13, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 13, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 13, 2019

This has been in the works for a few years now. I think I first heard of the different military units working on it in about 2014. Of course, lots of individual Navy SEALS were some of the first ones to jump on the paleo bandwagon. Robb Wolf actually did a bunch of nutrition consulting for them, and one of the big names in sleep research is Dr. Kirk Parsely and his work came directly from him working as doctor working directly with SEALS.
As an interesting side note, way back in the 1950s and 1960s fighter pilots used a ketogenic diet to drop weight fast if they had put on a few pounds (and were at risk of being grounded due to being to big) and there were Air Force directions on how to do it.

https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/jun/10/pentagon-eyes-ketogenic-diet-bid-build-more-lethal/

Creatine. It’s good stuff. This supplement is probably the most studied and safe sports supplement out there. I would say it is almost mandatory for anyone that avoids red meat for whatever reasons.
https://www.strengthcoach.com/public/Effectiveness-of-Creatine-Supplementation-on-Aging-Muscle-and-Bone.cfm?fbclid=IwAR1TFDgihYJB-pk17aGv9GOjxiuC_3DgbnOTpOcY–ExDZlBUGyiZVj1gjY

Ignore all the ads here, but this is not a bad article on leaky gut. It is simple and not too techie.
https://www.amymyersmd.com/2019/02/9-signs-you-have-leaky-gut/

IKSC’s July Challenge! I plan on doing this.
http://idahokettlebells.com/blog/?p=814

Our training – that emphasizes work capacity – is different than “cardio.” There are many forms of endurance training: There is strength-endurance, power-endurance, and then cardiorespiratory endurance. It is important to have a mix of all of those in your training for a variety of reasons.
http://www.ergo-log.com/endurance-capacity-protects-against-headache.html

This week’s video. Short and sweet. Here’s the best example of how to crawl. I do encourage you to buy his book.

June 6, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 6, 2019

IKSC Weekly Link Blast June 6, 2019

This 10 X 3 is similar to what we’ve done on our “Deadlifts for Days” or “Squats for Days” programs, with a few additions. https://www.t-nation.com/workouts/10-x-3-for-fat-loss

Every single thing we do at IKSC is an “ab” exercise. The goblet squat and the double kettlebell front squat are two of the most abdominal-intensive exercises you can do. Don’t automatically equate the soreness an exercise causes with the amount of muscular activation that actually occurs, or the amount of stress to a particular muscle.
(Note: This is also why we don’t mess around with things like planks very much.)

http://main.poliquingroup.com/Tips/tabid/130/EntryId/2279/Do-Front-Squats-to-Strengthen-the-Abs-Lower-Back.aspx

Choose animal proteins. It’s what we evolved to eat.
https://www.nutritionadvance.com/animal-protein-vs-plant-protein/?fbclid=IwAR0Yrk005usbRXt3RmilxV094kMfgX1T5B_Qlced2JbXNVqz961HJNNKjOs

Everything we consume has an impact on the planet.
https://sustainabledish.com/what-is-the-future-of-protein/

More processed food problems. They’ll make you look old.
http://ergo-log.com/age-s-the-estrogenic-effect-of-unhealthy-foods.html

Video worth watching. This is one of the reasons I am against “chronic cardio.” It is no freak occurrence when an experienced marathon runner or triathlete drops dead of a heart attack, as we hear about now and then.

Also worth watching today:

July 11, 2018

Idaho Kettlebell Strength and Conditioning’s “Three Sets of Ten”

Idaho Kettlebell Strength and Conditioning’s “Three Sets of Ten”

Three sets of 10 reps of a given exercise is a generic recommendation for any number of exercises. You’ll see this in different popular exercise magazines and sometimes given out as a basic recommendation as a basic starter’s workout plan at a commercial gym.

It goes something like this: 3 sets of 8-12 reps of bench press, 3 sets of 8-12 reps of lat pulldown, 3 sets of bicep curls, etc. Rest and work periods are sometimes addressed, but usually not stressed or strictly enforced.

At IKSC, we quickly borrowed some key concepts from various strength and conditioning protocols from sources like Charles Poliquin, Valery Fedorenko, Vince Gironda, etc. to form our own version of “3 sets of 10.”

Instead of 10 reps of each exercise, it became three 10-minute “sets” of three basic exercises:  A  single compound lower-body exercise, a upper-body pull, and an upper-body push. The most common is some variation of squat, some variation of pull, and some variation of a push.

Timed Sets Borrowed from Kettlebell Sport

The concept of timed sets comes from the kettlebell sport world and the World Kettlebell Club’s Strength and Conditioning Quotient, albeit in a very modified format. It also closely mirrors the International Kettlebell Lifting Federation’s BOLT (Believe Overcome Lift Triumph) competition. In these arenas, sets are measured in minutes – not necessarily repetitions – although work is measured in reps per minute (RPM) for training purposes.

So, a 5 minute set = 5 minutes spent on an exercise.  Training sessions are measured not just in max reps completed, but also in the RPM.  For example: If I do an 8-minute set of bicep curls at 8RPM, I am doing eight curls each minute for eight minutes. The protocol for this exercise would be at the start of the minute, I’d do eight reps (which would probably take me 30 seconds) and then rest the remainder of the minute. Start the next set of eight promptly at the top of the next minute. I prefer using an analog wall clock, since the visual of the sweeping second hand is a good cue, but any stopwatch will do. If you aren’t timing in some form, you aren’t training.

3 Sets of 10 Utilizing Squats, Pull, Push

Back to our basic 3 Sets of 10…

Don’t overthink this. “Paralysis by analysis” is a fatal flaw when it comes to exercise. Our bodies are only designed to move so many ways, and when you take an effective multi-joint movement and load it properly, we don’t have to worry much about working each little muscle in isolation. Don’t major in minor things. Our bodies are pretty smart, and when you load things up enough the system ends up working pretty well if you work long enough and hard enough.

A full-range squat loaded with any kind of free weight, or even body weight squats will utilize every muscle of the body, but will mostly be using the legs. A kettlebell or dumbbell goblet squat is nearly a full-body exercise, in that the core musculature and grip is also heavily tasked. Any type of squat could be used, however. I’ve even used back squats, loaded with my bodyweight for this type of work capacity training.

Likewise, a pushup works the chest, shoulders and triceps, but is also a full-body exercise. But, any kind of pushing exercise could be used, just make sure it uses every muscle needed to push. Standing overhead presses are also great choices.

Pulling can be many things. For advanced people, pullups or horizontal rows are good choices, but seated or dumbbell versions of these are also good choices.

One deceptively simple exercise that can be used on its own or as an extra is the loaded carry. Just pick up something heavy (even a pair of dumbells) and carry it for a distance at the start of each minute. Carrying for 30 seconds on, 30 seconds off is a good full-body workout, and is thought by some to be the one of the best single measures of one’s overall strength and functionality. Grip strength, core strength and stability, pelvic stability, balance, and metabolic conditioning all come into play during extended bouts of loaded carries.

3 Sets of 10…Let’s Go!

Simplicity itself.

Pick a squat or lower body exercise and pair it with a weight you can do 10 good solid repetitions with. You’ll also need a clock or stopwatch.

Do a five reps at the top of the first minute. Rest until the next minute starts. Do another set of five. It will be easy for the first few sets. It is designed to be that way. It is about doing quality reps for many small sets with restricted rest periods. Err on the side of light. You can always amp things up next session, but starting out with too much is a sure way to discourage a repeat session. Don’t underestimate this protocol. It can be as hard as anyone can stand.

After the 10 minutes of squats, rest a few minutes and move to the pull and push. Ten minutes of each, using the same format. I use a notebook and a pen or a dry erase board to keep track of minutes, it is easy to talk yourself out of one of the sets.

There Are Sets and then there are Sets.

Some confusion comes up when we start calling timed sets of exercises “sets.” Sets, in the traditional sense means a specific number of repetitions, say five reps. In this sense, if we were to do five sets of five it would mean five repetitions, rest and then repeat that sequence five times.

Here we are calling both the timed period a set and the number of repetitions completed each minute a set. If we were to write out each 10-minute block, it would look like this:

10 X 5, or 10 sets of 5 repetitions each. In our case, we are doing this at a rate of 5 reps per minute to complete all 10 clusters of 5 reps.

Our ultimate goal is to get a volume of quality reps with a weight we would not normally be able to. This is 50 reps of each compound exercise per session. That is a lot, especially if using a challenging weight and exercise.

Frequency and Recovery

I would recommend 48-72 hours between sessions, although you could break it up into a lower-body one day, and upper-body another day. For many, doing all three exercises in one gym session is very time-efficient. You are in and out in well less than an hour, with really only 30 minutes of total working time. It’s not how much time is spent, but the quality of that time that matters. And when doing focused, timed sets each minute, you compact a lot of quality reps into that time. Advanced people often need a few days between sessions because they can literally load this to the point they are absolute jelly at the end of one session and require 4-5 days to fully recover.

Progression

This is a general protocol used to build work capacity. While some strength adaptations will occur, it is not a maximal strength program. The goal is to be able to adapt to doing a good deal of work in a given time. This also builds metabolic efficiency.

With that in mind, we don’t increase the weights used unless it is just too easy after the first session. The ideal weight is one that is easy for the first few sets and slowly becomes very hard during the final minutes of each set, but that is still doable. The goal is to do demanding reps successfully, but not to failure.

I recommend changing things up after three to four sessions. In this case, we do this by decreasing the time it takes to do roughly the same amount of total volume. We’ll call these progressions “blocks.”

 

Block #1

3, 10-minute sets of 5 reps per minute. Repeat 3-5 sessions.

Block #2

3, 8-minute sets of 6 reps per minute. Repeat 3-5 sessions.

(We are doing about the same amount of total work in less time. Note: This means less rest time)

Block #3

7, 7-minute sets of 7 reps per minute.  Repeat 3-5 sessions.

What Should I Do When I Finish?

This is normal question. My usual answer is just to focus on the next day’s work and don’t worry as much about what to do afterwards. This represents what is known in the strength and conditioning world as a meso-cycle. It takes roughly a month, give or take. One thing I’ve found training for years is that everyone is unique, and will require different things at different points, and 3-4 weeks is about as long as a given program is good for. I always thought I was somehow deficient when I wasn’t very good at programming out for 3-6 months in advance, until I listened to an interview with Charles Poliquin in which he said that even top people take a few weeks to adapt, and then some kind of change is needed. This doesn’t necessarily mean different exercises, but maybe just a change in sets or reps.

-Jim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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